Identify the Figure of Speech

Allegory, metaphor, oxymoron, strange words that each of us got to know in school, but which not everyone can easily master Figure of Speech:

These are rhetorical figures, language skills that make it possible to achieve a special and refined effect in the lesson. Huh.

Knowing the main rhetorical figures, what they are and how they are used, is useful not only to first-time students who are invited to face to face analysis of a literary text, but also to readers facing a text.

Also useful for , especially poetic where its nature makes it easy to meet.

However, allegorical figures also prove to be an important tool for those embarking on the adventure of writing and deciding to try a story or to devise a plot from a narrative idea.

Three types of figurative figures

Before considering what the main rhetorical figures are, it is worth making a few distinctions, in fact these are:

rhetorical sound figures (consonance, consonant, alliteration, onomatopoeia, paronomasia)

These are stylistic devices that play with the sound of words and vowels and are more likely to result from a combination of some words than others;

rhetorical figures of order (anastrophe or reversal, anaphore, chiasm, climax, enumeration) = target of a particular effect by interfering with sentence structure and word order and relating syntactically;

rhetorical figures of meaning = in this case the effect is created by a special and unusual use of the meaning of the words themselves and, above all, the lexicon is called into question.

most common expressions of importance

It is the set of rhetorical figures of meaning that brings together the most important rhetorical figures that we will consider below.


It highlights the similarity relationship between two actions, two characters, two events, or two images;

The connection is grammatically clear because it occurs through a comparative adverb or phrase that is grammatically linked to comparative adverbs or adverb phrases (i.e., how, who, how much). Example:

Andrea runs fast like a rabbit


The word metaphor (“transferred”) of Greek origin refers to a “condensed” parable in which the first comparative word is understood.

Similarity in this rhetorical figure is the similarity or substitution of one term for another by proportion. Example:

Andrea is a fox

In this case there is a common quality or quality between the two related words: cunning which remains implied in the sentence whose meaning, will be properly resolved and clarified: “Andrea is as clever as a fox”.


A discourse is constructed with metaphor indicating the literal meanings of persons, actually indicating second-order meanings and for this reason being passed on to the second-order.

In general, the discourse and the words used are used to take precedence over the literal meaning, which is often related to spiritual, philosophical, and moral values.

Ultimately, abstract concepts and moral meanings are transformed into concrete images and physical meanings.

Metaphorically transformed figures, whose meaning, however, goes beyond the words that make them up and contributes to a concise, dense and elusive plot. .

Allegory should not be limited to one word: in fact, some literary forms such as apologetics, parables and fables

In this case, analogous to metonymy, one word is replaced by another with which it maintains an extended (quantitative) relationship.

We’re dealing with a reverse that arises when one of the following connections exists between the rudiments changed

part to whole and vice versa. Illustration
i painted the house

Singular to plural and vice versa. Illustration
man is selfish
Augusti are rare in history

rubric to species and vice versa. Illustration
mortal for men
we have no deficit of chuck


It isn’t a true rhetorical figure, but a fashion that logically approaches realities or realities that are logically distant from each other as well as making special connections and small correspondences.

“But in my heart/ No cross is missing/ This is my heart/ Torn land” (Ungaretti)


This expression combines two words ( be it a noun or both a noun and an adjective) that belong to or belong to different areas of the senses so as to unite them in a single image. Illustration


Personalization is achieved by attributing mortal conduct or passions to effects and creatures;

There’s also the rhetorical figure of prosopia when the externalized reality”speaks”; Eventually, when the author turns to personality, he makes an apostasy. Illustration


It’s an magnification in the definition of reality created using words or expressions that add or abate reality beyond measure. Illustration

“I went down and gave you my hand/ At least a million stairs” (Montale)

oxymoro (or oxymoron, both pronunciations are correct)
. This allegorical figure contrasts the two words with the end of creating a disorienting and differing effect. Illustration

  • silent uproar
  • night sun
  • our long trip was short
  • silent Scream
  • bitter Agreeableness
  • blaring silence


It’s a stylistic device used to reduce a expression that’s considered too crude and egregious to be said or written easily. Illustration

evening path

By the former expression we mean the third age, old age; Occasionally, still, the use of a word with the contrary meaning also relates to the figure, for illustration, in the following
Antonio Truly a gentleman

This means that the character in question is actually a veritably unfortunate bone.

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