How to write a Reflection Paper

Write a Reflection Paper:

After an internship or seminar, you will often write a reflection or Reflection Paper.

The purpose of the reflection is to critically address the learning experience in writing. Experience is reflected and evaluated in the Reflection Paper.

This way, you should summarize useful information from your learning experience.

The reflection is usually 4-6 pages long, but can be more detailed depending on the learning experience.

For example:

I notify

Occasionally there is also a reflection in the academic theses. Unlike a separate reflection report such as in the internship, thesis reflection is usually written as part of the conclusion.
definition reflection
Write the reflection in 3 steps
Formalia of the reflection report
Sample formulations for your reflection report
Frequent questions
definition reflection
The term “reflection” describes comparative examination or thinking about a thing, person or situation.

A reflection is usually used to consciously face something that has been experienced in order to understand it better or to draw valuable insights.

Reflections are often written as so-called “reflection reports” after learning experiences such as internships, seminars or training courses.

Reflection in the conclusion of your thesis:

The term ‘reflection’ is often used in connection with the conclusion of your thesis. Contrary to a full reflection report, the reflection in the thesis is only part of the conclusion.

In the conclusion, the final result of your thesis is summarized, reflected and evaluated.

The reflection in conclusion here mainly concerns the exercise of a constructive criticism of one’s work and the evaluation of the added value of the results.

Write the reflection in 3 steps:

To write your reflection, you can follow 3 simple steps.

In 3 steps to reflection:

Summary of the learning experience
Theory of Learning Experience Guided Exam
Self-reflection and evaluation

  • Summary of the learning experience
    In a first step, describe the respective learning experience. Here you summarize the basic information.

Summarize the learning experience:

Type of learning experience
Place and period
Essential activities and content

  • Theoretical examination of the learning experience
    Theory-led discussion is primarily about reflecting on key experiences.
  • Explain how you are B. has been able to apply the knowledge acquired during the course and provide appropriate examples on the basis of concrete situations.

You should use scientific sources for this. Also pay attention to a correct quote.


As part of your internship in a company’s marketing department, you will independently perform an industry structure analysis based on Porter’s 5 Forces model.

In your internship report, describe and reflect on the implementation and substantiate your statements with appropriate sources.

  • Self-reflection and evaluation
    The last part of your reflection letter is your evaluation. Judge and evaluate what you have experienced subjectively and take stock.

The following questions can serve as a guide for your self-reflection:

How have my expectations for the learning experience been met?
How did I get added value from the learning experience?
What did I like the most?
What did I like least?
What aspect of the experience seems particularly relevant / noteworthy to me?
What would I do different next time?
Quoted, paraphrased or plagiarized?
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Formalia of the reflection report
As a text document, your reflection report should satisfy certain formalities.

As a rule, there is no prescribed length, but reflections are on average 4-6 pages long. Depending on the learning experience, the scope may be more detailed.

A cover page is generally desired and, in addition to your contact details, it should also contain information about your learning experience and your university.

As usual with academic work, the document is made with font size 11 or 12 and line spacing 1.5.

Sample formulations for your reflection report
We have listed some example wordings as inspiration for your reflection report. The following formulations can serve as a guide.

This reflection relationship refers to XY.

In the context of the X seminar I have dealt extensively with Y.

I found A and B positive. The realization that …

Executing X in retrospect is considered less useful. It should be done in the next seminars …
Content and structure are …

The objective of bringing the meaning of A closer to the group has nevertheless been achieved.

In order to convey the content as clearly as possible, a different approach would be beneficial in the future.
frequently asked Questions

Some more basic tips:

Teachers and professors assign their students reflection papers to assess what students know and observations they made while doing their homework in class.

While each instructor has their own criteria and specifications, most concept documents are no longer than a page or two.

To write an effective and successful reflection, the student should begin their article with an introduction that makes the topic easier to read

Briefly indicates what will be discussed through a thesis statement.

Make an outline of your reflection sheet.

Decide what you want to write and the number of paragraphs for the whole document.

Number each paragraph provided and write a one sentence description of the subject of the paragraph (eg, paragraph 3 – The Role of Suicide in “The Catcher in the Rye”).

Make a short list of any readings, manuals, or online resources that you want to use to support the statements and opinions you write in your reflection paper.

Begin your introduction with an informative

statement on the topic to interest the reader in your article.

Make a specific statement about what you will be talking about in the rest of the document and avoid making generic or vague statements.

For example, instead of writing “The Catcher in the Rye” is one of the most controversial books of the 20th century, write something

like “Since J.D.”. Salinger’s novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ was first published in 1951, it was surrounded by controversy due to the book’s so-called “offensive” content,

including alcohol abuse, pre-marriage. sex and adult language. ”Such an introduction lets your reader know that your entire article is about

The Catcher in the Rye, ”but also that you will be writing specifically about the controversies and debates surrounding the book. .

Write a sentence or two continuing the thoughts you presented in your opening statement.

You could present important facts that you learned from the mission you have completed or talk about general themes.

Continuing with the example of “The Catcher in the Rye”, you can now write a sentence or two containing statistics on the number of libraries

That have banned the book over the years or name the groups and organizations that condemn the book. novel. .

End your introduction with a one-sentence thesis. (Reflection Paper)

In any document, including a concept article, a thesis statement is used by the author to state a surprising observation or conclusion he has reached and how he intends to defend that position in the remainder of the article.

It is important to be clear about your position in the thesis statement and to be steadfast in that position throughout the rest of the article.

For example, a thesis statement for an introductory paragraph on “offensive material” in “The Catcher in the Rye” might read: today. is considered as such ”.

Review the entire concept document (Reflection Paper)

including the introductory paragraph, after you have finished writing the document.

Analyze what you have written and determine if the body and conclusion of the article matches your thesis and follows logically from the information you presented in the introduction.

Otherwise, reuse the body of the document or edit the introduction to match the rest of the document. Examine the entire document carefully for any spelling or grammatical errors.

If you are using word processing software on a computer, use the spell check feature to find misspellings.

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