What are Parts of a Sentence

A part of speech it a term that is used in grammar for one of nine main categories the words are classified according to their function in sentences such as nouns or verbs. Also known as word classes.

Key facts: Excerpts from the speech

Parts of speech fall into nine parts of speech, such as nouns, prepositions, adjectives, and adverbs.

Some words can have more than one part of speech depending on context and usage.

Interjections can themselves be sentences.

Every sentence in English is made up the nine parts of speech.

These include nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, articles / determinations, and interjections. (Some sources only contain eight parts of speech, but omit interjections as a category.)

Learning part of speech names is likely not going to make you funny, smart, rich, or intelligent. In fact, just learning parts of speech names won’t make you a better writer either.

However, you will acquire a basic understanding of sentence structure and the English language.

Parts of speech are divided into following (nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) and some of the closed classes (pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, articles / determiners, and interjections).

Although we can add to the open word classes as the language evolves, they are practically implicit in the closed classes. (See example below.)

Some traditional grammars treat articles as a separate part of the language.

Modern grammar often includes articles in the determinant category that identify or quantify a noun.

Although they modify nouns as adjectives, they differ in that the articles are an integral part of correct sentence syntax and determiners are required to communicate the meaning of the sentence.

In contemporary linguistics, the term part of speech was generally discarded in favor of a word class or syntactic category.


Nouns are a person, a place, or a thing (or even an abstraction, e.g. an idea). You can play a variety of roles in a sentence, from the subject of everything to the subject of a verb or anything in between (literally).

If they are the official name of something or someone, they are capitalized. For example pirate, freedom, Jack Sparrow


Pronouns examples are . Example: me, you, he, she, it, our, her, who, who, who, who, himself

Verbs are those that appear in a sentence. They are verbs or show the state of being (have, were) the object of the sentence.

They change their form depending on the tense (present, past tense) and subject of the sentence (singular or plural). Example: sing, dance, believe, appear, finish, eat, drink, be, become


Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns. You determine which, how much or which type. Examples: unique, bright, beautiful, poor, smooth


Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They indicate when something happened, where, how, why and how much happened. Example: gentle, idle, often, alone, hopefully, gently, sometimes


A preposition determines the relationship between a noun and a pronoun and other words in a sentence. They are at the beginning of a prepositional clause. For example: up, up, against, near, inside, near, outside, apart

A conjunction connects words, phrases and clauses in one sentence. Example: and, but, or, then again with

Articles and determinants

Articles and determiners act as adjectives by modifying nouns, but they differ from adjectives in that the sentence requires the correct syntax. Example: Article: a, a, the; Determinants: this, that, that; much, much, some; What


Contradictions are expressions that can stand on their own as complete sentences. These are words that often trigger emotions. Example: Ah, oh, ouch, yabba dabba!

How to determine the part of speech

Only interjections (hurray!) Are left alone, but they can also appear next to whole sentences.

For example, in the first example here, Opera works as a noun; In the second sentence a verb; And in the third sentence an adjective:

  • And the hour is too late.
  • (Bosco introduced himself as Opera.)
  • It should be on at midnight.
  • (A verbal action is an action he must perform.)
  • His work permit expires next month.
  • (The assigned noun [or transformed adjective] changes the authorized noun.)

Do not let such meanings and uses discourage or confuse you. Learning the names of important parts of speech is just one way to understand sentence structure.

Basic sentence analysis

To make a complete sentence, you really only need two things: a noun (or pronoun that replaces a noun) and a verb. The name gives us the subject and the verb tells us what action does the subject, the predicate.

The birds fly. In this short sentence, bird is a noun and bees is a verb. The sentence makes sense and gets straight to the point.

You can have a one word sentence, but this does not violate the above rule.

This short sentence is still complete because it is a command for “you”; A pronoun which takes the place of a noun should only appear there. This is the subject. The sentence actually says “(You) go!”

It is important to note that no other combination of two-word sections can form a complete sentence if it does not include interjections. You still need a verb for a sentence.

For example, you can’t just use a pronoun and an adverb and have a full sentence: Lei sweet. It is not a sentence because we do not know what he is doing quietly.

Later we can add more information to our first sentence by adding other parts of the speech.

Birds fly when they migrate before winter.

Birds and flies live on nouns and verbs. If it’s an adverb because it modifies the verb to fly.

The first word is a bit complicated because it can be a conjunction, a preposition or an adverb depending on the context.

In this case, it is a preposition because it is followed by the noun. The preposition begins with an adverb sentence (before winter) that answers the question about the timing of bird migration.

It is not a conjunction because it does not connect two sentences.

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